Instant Replay Summary

Objective: To allow for certain specific types of officiating decisions to be immediately reviewed and corrected, if warranted.

Standard: There must be indisputable video evidence for an on-field officiating decision to be changed by the Instant Replay Official working from a private booth in the press box. Indisputable video evidence can be described as sufficient, viewable camera angles that provide undeniable proof that a correction to the call is necessary. Additionally, the play must have direct competitive impact on the game to warrant game stoppage for review. Instant replay officials will be instructed to err on the side of caution when competition will be directly affected, but to refrain from stopping the game any more than necessary. The replay system will not guarantee that all officiating decisions are corrected.

Source: All reviewable video will come direct from the televised production of the game. In the event the game is not being televised on a live or delayed basis, the video will come from the in-house video board production.

Replay Personnel: Five people will make up the instant replay team - the Replay Official, who will make all decisions regarding replay; the Communicator, who will assist the Replay Official in obtaining the video replays and with communication; the Replay Technician, who will be responsible for operating and maintaining the replay equipment, a Recorder, who will keep track of down, distance and time and alert the Replay Official when the teams are about to resume play, and a Sideline Assistant, who will assist the referee with communicating with the Replay Official. All four individuals will be trained and paid by the Pac-10. The Replay Officials and Communicators will be two-man teams of former officials who will work together throughout the season and will be assigned by the Pac-10 Director of Instant Replay.

Equipment: The Pac-10 will utilize a TiVo-based system developed by XOS Technology, one of the leading video technology companies in the nation.

Reviewable Plays: The NCAA Football Rules Committee has approved an official list of reviewable plays for all conferences utilizing instant replay.

Calling for a Replay/Reviewing a Play: There are two methods to stop a game to review a ruling on the field: (1) The Replay Official shall review every play of the game and may stop the game at any time before the ball is next put in play whenever there is reasonable evidence to believe an error was made in the initial on-field ruling, the play is reviewable and any reversal of an on-field ruling would have a direct, competitive impact on the game. (2) The head coach of either team may request that the game be stopped and a play be reviewed by challenging the on-field ruling one time during a game. A coach initiates this challenge by taking a team time out before the ball is next put in play and informing the referee that the coach is challenging the ruling of the previous play. After a review has been completed, if the on-field ruling is reversed, that team's time out will not be charged. After a review has been completed and the on-field ruling is not reversed, the charged team's time out counts as one of three permitted for that half. A head coach may not challenge a ruling in which the game was stopped and a decision has already been made by the Replay Official. If a head coach requests a team time out to challenge an on-field ruling and the play being challenged is not reviewable, the time out shall count as one of three permitted to the team during that half of the game. A head coach may not challenge an on-field ruling if all the team's time outs have been used for that half. If all team time outs have been used and a head coach signals for, and is granted, a time out, a delay penalty will be assessed. Each head coach will be permitted one challenge per game. When the Replay Official completes his review, he will inform the Referee of his decision that either (a) the ruling on the field is confirmed, (b) the play stands as called on the field, or (c) there is indisputable video evidence to reverse the ruling on the field. The Referee will announce the decision of the Replay Official to the crowd. The decision of the Replay Official is final.


Q. What is the goal of the Pac-10's replay system?
A. The goal of the replay system is to allows for specific types of officiating decisions to be immediately reviewed and confirmed or corrected once the standard of indisputable video evidence is met. Only specific plays are reviewable and in only those plays where the absolute standard of indisputable video evidence is met can a play be overturned. The replay system will not guarantee that all officiating mistakes are identified and corrected.

Q. Which games will have instant replay?
A. All games, conference and non-conference, will use instant replay.

Q. Who can initiate a review of an official's decision?
A. Only the Replay Official located in the press box. In addition, each head coach may request a review one time per game.

Q. Who will make the decision if a reviewed call is overturned or not?
A. The Replay Official will have the sole authority to change or not change a decision on the field.

Q. Are the instant replay procedures used by the Pac-10 the same as those of the NFL?
A. Even though the desired outcome of replay is the same - getting the play right - the manner in which replay is used in the Pac-10 is different from the method used by the NFL. The most noticeable difference is that the Replay Official will review the play and make the final decision. The Referee and other officials on the field will not be involved in the decision.

Q. When can a game be stopped to review an officials' call?
A. The Replay Official will look at every play to determine if a play may need to be reviewed. Most plays can be reviewed between the end of the previous down and the beginning of the next play. There will be no stoppage of the game unless the Replay Official determines there is reasonable video evidence that an error may have occurred during a reviewable play, or the coach utilizes his one allowable challenge per game. Note that as soon as the ball is legally put into play for the next play, it is too late to stop the game for a review of the previous play. At that point, the previous play cannot be changed.

Q. Is there a limit to the number of plays that can be reviewed in a game?
A. No.

Q. Is there a time limit on how long a play can be reviewed?
A. No. The average time for a review in the Pac-10 last year was 2:04.

Q. What will be the source of the video for replays?
A. All reviewable video will come direct from the television production of the game. If a game is not televised, the video from the video board production will be utilized.

Q. Will there be sufficient camera angles to review plays from anywhere on the field?
A. The replay process will be limited to what is viewable by the television cameras (or video board cameras) covering the game. In Pac-10 stadiums, there will be a minimum of three different camera views available for instant replay review. However, whatever angles are available must provide indisputable video evidence for a ruling on the field to be changed. If that is not the case, the ruling on the field will stand.

Q. Describe the mechanics of how a play is reviewed.
A. The Replay Official will signal the officials on the field that he is reviewing a play and that game action should be halted. The Replay Official will then view replays for as long as necessary to determine whether indisputable video evidence exists for the ruling on the field to be acknowledged as incorrect. At the conclusion of the review, the Replay Official will notify the referee of the outcome of his review and the referee shall announce the outcome to the crowd.

Q. Who are the Replay Officials?
A. The Replay Officials are former Pac-10 football officials who have been involved as observers and game tape evaluators in the Pac-10 officiating program. They report to and are evaluated by Pac-10 Director of Instant Replay, Verle Sorgen.

NCAA Football Rules Committee
Video Replay Procedures

Principles: (1) A standard of indisputable video evidence for any on-field decision to be changed; (2) A review must have a direct, competitive effect on the game, such as a change of possession, scoring play, etc.

Plays that MAY be reviewed with the use of video replay:

1. Plays governed by sideline, goal line and end line:
a) Scoring plays, including a runner, in possession of the ball, breaking the plane of the goal line.
b) Pass complete/incomplete/intercepted at sideline, goal line or end line.
c) Runner/receiver in or out of bounds.
d) Recovery of loose ball in or out of bounds, including end zones.
e) Loose ball touching a sideline, goal line or end line.

2. Passing Plays:
a) Pass ruled complete/incomplete/intercepted in the field of play and end zones.
b) Touching of a forward pass by an ineligible receiver.
c) Touching of a forward pass by a defensive player.
d) Quarterback (passer) forward pass or fumble (if ruled incomplete, the play is over).
e) Forward pass or illegal handing beyond the line of scrimmage.
f) Forward pass or illegal handing after change of possession.
g) Forward or backward pass thrown from behind the line of scrimmage (if the pass is ruled forward and is incomplete, the play is over).

3. Other reviewable situations:
a) Runner ruled not down.
b) Forward progress with respect to a first down.
c) Touching of a kick by any player.
d) Number of players on field during a play.
e) Clock adjustment on a play resulting in a reversal.
f) Fourth-down/try fumble recovery.
g) A scrimmage player beyond the line of scrimmage when the ball is kicked.
h) A kick that is advanced by the kicking team after a muff or fumble by the receiving team.
i) Correcting the number of a down (Note: The correction may be made at any time within that series of downs or before the ball is legally put in play after that series.
j) Any person who is not a player interfering with live-ball action occuring in the field of play.

No other plays or officiating decisions are reviewable.

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